Our first introduction video is dedicated to the problem of peer review in traditional scientific communication process. In the view of recent scandals with articles retraction from prestigious journals such as hydroxychloroquine study from the Lancet, we must overview the need of peer review in the scholarly publishing system. What is a peer review? Why the peer review did not stop the Lancet from publishing the flawed article? Does our peer review process hinder the progress in science by unfairly punishing and discouraging junior researchers? Does our traditional publishing system prevent participation of citizens? What is the Open Science and the Open Peer Review? And why do we need to transform our science to be open and transparent?
To answer these questions, we invited to the interview Matheus Pereira Lobo, Brazilian physicist and mathematician, professor at the Federal University of Tocantins, co-editor of the Open Journal of Mathematics and Physics (OJMP). He shares his thoughts about the traditional peer-review process and tells about an alternative approach taken by the OJMP, where not only collaboration with his colleagues is welcome, but also with anyone from the broader public.